How to install air conditioning in the apartment on their own
In the hot summer, the room where air conditioning works becomes a blissful oasis that you don’t want to leave. Realizing all the advantages of cooled air, while the city melts from the heat, people start in advance, even in winter, taking care of installing this wonderful device in their home. After reading the feedback forums, choosing and purchasing the right model, you encounter the following installation-related dilemma: do it yourself and for free, or call a private master. If you chose the first option, then read the article where we will show you how to install the air conditioner in the apartment on your own, as well as provide photos and video materials as visual instructions.
There are many types of air conditioners for the apartment, the most famous is called the "split-system", the installation of which will be discussed further. It consists of 2 blocks: internal - the evaporator, and external - the condenser, which are connected through electrical cables and 2 copper tubes through which the freon flows. A plastic tube is branched from the inside for draining condensate.
Video tutorial, where you will learn about the right tools and the most common mistakes made during installation:
First you need to install an external unit. Well, if you have an open balcony in your apartment. This will provide unlimited access to the air conditioner. If you decide to install the air conditioner on the balcony, which is glazed, then the condenser is mounted on the outer wall of the house, in which you first make holes. Anchor bolts and reliable brackets will help to fasten the external part of the system on the surface. To protect the device from precipitation, build a visor above it.
Before you install the air conditioner in the apartment with your own hands, read the following tips:
- mounting surface must be flat and strong;
- living on the first floor, install the unit at a height of at least two meters so that it does not become a target for thieves;
- when choosing the brackets, keep in mind that they must withstand the weight that is 2-3 times greater than the weight of the equipment;
- living on the upper floors, but not having a balcony (loggia), will have to use the services of climbers (pictured below) or a car with a special staircase in order to install air conditioning in the apartment from the front.
Having installed the outdoor unit, we drill a hole in the wall, which is necessary for connecting cables and tubes with refrigerant, which connect the disparate parts of the split system. Next, mounted "waterproofing glass", where we put the wires and tubes. The next step is to install the indoor unit air conditioner in the apartment on their own. Before marking the place where you will place it, read the following recommendations:
- the footage between the indoor and outdoor units should be no more than seven to thirty meters (the specific figure depends on the model of the system itself);
- the housing located in the apartment must be located from other things (with respect to furniture) at a distance of not less than three meters;
- so as not to blow and not get sick, refrain from installing air conditioning over the bed and the place where you work, as well as over the batteries, heaters, fireplaces, etc.
Classification of indoor units:
- Wall mounted
When installing wall and ceiling air conditioners, we fix sufficiently strong brackets on which we fix the device. With a floor device, everything is much simpler: it does not need to be fixed at all, but only put on a special place in the apartment.
Next is the process of shaving special holes for wires and tubes that connect the inner and outer blocks. In many cases, the walls, the ceiling, and occasionally the floor are plastered. If this process is difficult for you, then just put the communications in a plastic box that does not disturb the interior of the apartment.
Connect the blocks with wires and tubes, use the fittings. It is forbidden to unwind tubes with freon in the joints and bend 2, 3 or more times. Be sure to check your own line for the drain hose in order to drain condensate from the indoor unit, for example, to the street. Having connected the system, we carry out a vacuum of communications to eliminate from them unnecessary moisture and air. This process is carried out only with the help of specialized equipment. Next, you need to think about a separate power supply for the air conditioner in the apartment. To do this, the device needs conduct hidden wiring (in grooves), and in the distribution box you need to install a separate machine. Cables are placed in the grooves.
Check if you did your own hands at home to make installation of the air conditioner. To do this, use a specific test program that is activated when the device is first turned on. A positive result will be when the technique functions well, without vibrating the body.
Finally, we recommend viewing the detailed video instructions for installing the air conditioner with your own hands, starting from the indoor unit and ending with the external one: